Integrated psychoterapy


Ferdinand Knobloch

Psychiatrie, 2001, 5(4)- page 232-238. Psychologie Dnes.
The theoretical development of Integrated Psychotherapy, starting in
Prague in 1940, is sketched here. The approach evolved independent of developments in the West, and could not have happened without the inspiration and guidance of the Prague philosophy of science, in particular, without the work of the logical empiricists, P. Frank and R. Carnap. Integrated Psychotherapy started with a critical evaluation of psychoanalysis, followed by a shift from a mentalistic conception to a physicalistic conception of the total organism, and proceeded to a systems point of view, that is, from a one-person system to a small-group system as the minimal system required for the understanding of an individual. Additional elements in the approach include the application of strict confirmation requirements; the choice of social exchange to guide the process of psychotherapy; and the formulations of the interpersonal hypothesis of music and the evolutionary hypothesis of meta-selection.

Key words: Integrated Psychotherapy, systems point-of-view, group schema, interpersonal hypothesis of music, evolutionary hypothesis of meta-selection

Prof. MUDr. Ferdinand Knobloch, CSc., MD, FRCP(Canada)
4137 W 12 Ave., Vancouver, BC, V6R 2P5, Canada. 


  • Bell J E. Family therapy. In: Kaplan H L, Friedman AM, & Sadock J, eds. Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 3d ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1980: 2217-2224. 
  • Bertalanffy L, v. Studien über theoretische Biologie.Biol. Zbl, 1927; l: 210, 655. 
  • Broderick, CB, Schrader SS. The history of professional marriage and family therapy. In: Gruman AS, Kniskern DP, eds. Handbook of Family Therapy, Vol. II, New York: Bruner/Mazel, 1991: 3-40.
  • Buck RC. On the logic of general systems theory. In: Foundations of Science and the Concept of Psychology and psychoanalysis. In Feigl H, Scriven M, eds. Minnesota Studies of the Philosophy of science, Vol. II. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1952; 223-237.
  • Carnap R. Psychologie in physikalischer Sprache. Erkenntnis, 1932; 3 (2-3): 107-142.
  • Carnap, R. Logical foundations of the unity of science. In: Neurath O, Carnap R, Morris C . International Encyclopedia of the Unity of Science, Vol. 1, Chicago:The University of Chicago Press, 1938; 42- 62.
  • Carnap R. Herbert Feigl on Physicalism. In: Schilpp PA, ed. The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. La Salle, Ill: Open Court, 1963; 882-886.
  • Cosmides L. The logic of social exchange. Cognition 1989; 31: 187-276.
  • Dytrych, Z. Významné µivotní jubileum prof. Ferdinanda Knoblocha. Česká a slovenská psychiatrie, 1996; 92(4): 271-272.
  • Eibl-Eibesfeldt I. Ethology. New York: Holt, Reinahart and Winston 1970.
  • Frank P. Kausalgesetz und seine Grenzen (The law of causality and it limits). Dordrecht/Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1932/1998. 
  • Frank P. Einstein, Mach und logical positivism. In P.A. Schilpp, ed. Albert Einstein: Philosopher-scientist. New York: Harper & Row 1949.
  • Frank P. Einstein: Sein Leben und seine Zeit. Bransweig: Friedr. Vieweg 1979.
  • Gurman AS, Kniskern RM. Behavioral marital therapy. Family Process, 1978; 17: 139-148.
  • Homans GC. Social behavior as exchange. Am. Journal of Sociology, 1958; 63: 597-606.
  • Hort V. Doc MUDr Ferdinand Knobloch , prim. MUDr Zdeněk Mrázek-dvě zastavení v naší psychoterapeutické minulosti. Česká a slovenská psychiatrie, 93 (1); 49-50.
  • Kelley H H, Thibaut JW. Interpersonal Processes. The Theory of Interdependence. New York: J. Wiley, 1978.
  • Knobloch F. Pokus o metodologický rozbor psychoanalýzy. Praha: Stát. zdravot. nakladatelství 1949. (Tisk přerušen z ideologických důvodů)
  • Knobloch F. Le collectif de Diagnostic et de Traitment dans les Névroses. La Raison, 1957; 17: 35-58. 
  • Knobloch F. The diagnostic and therapeutic community as part of a psychotherapeutic system. Proceedings of the Second Congress of Group Psychotherapy, Zurich 1957. Acta psychother. Suppl. 1959a: 195-294.
  • Knobloch F. Ideologický boj a formy kritiky. Čsl. psychiatrie, 1959b; 55(5): 337-339.
  • Knobloch F. On the theory of a therapeutic community for neurotics. The Internat. J. Group Psychotherapy,1960; X( 4): 419-429. 
  • Knobloch F. Osobnost a malá společenská skupina. Československá psychologie, (1963; 5 (4): 329-337.
  • Knobloch F. Dílčí metody a techniky psychoterapie. V Knoblochová J ,ed., a kolektiv. Praha: Státmí zdravotnické nakladatelství 1968: 230- 232.
  • Knobloch F. La kinesiterapia como parte del Sistema de la Psicoterapia integrada in Checoslovaquia. Revista Espannola de Psicoterapia Analitica. 1971; IV: 15-27.
  • Knobloch F. Towards integration through group-based psychotherapy: Back to the future. J. of Psychotherapy Integration 1996; 6:(1): 1-25.
  • Knobloch, F. Individual, group, or meta-selection? ASCAP, 1996 a; 9(6): 15-16.
  • Knobloch, F. Mental life as a small group process. Towards a theory of group schema. ASCAP, 1996b; 9(6): 17-18. 
  • Knobloch, F. Musical experience as interpersonal process: Revisited. 
    In: R. Monelle,ed. Musica significans (Proceedings of the International Congress on Musical Signification, Edinburgh, 1992) Contemporary Music Review, 17: part 2, 1998; 59-72.
  • Knobloch F. Altruism and the hypothesis of meta-selectiom in human evolution. The Journal of the Am. Academy of Psychoanalysis, 2001`29(2)-in print. 
    Knobloch F, Eibl-Eibelsfeldt L, Freeman R. Abreaction in psychotherapy: An ethological hypothesis. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychiatric Association in Toronto 1980.
  • Knobloch F, Juna J, Junova H, Koutsky Z. On an interpersonal hypothesis in the semiotic of music. Kybernetika, Prague, 1968. Experiencia musical como processo interpersonal: Una contribucion a la teoria de la musica. In: Rojas-Bermudes,ed., Cuadernos de Psicoterapia,Argentina , Buenos Aires, Vol VII-VIII,1973; 119-146. 
  • Knobloch F, Junová H, Petrusová M, Šapošníková O. Psychogymnastika jako prostředek přeučování mezilidských vztahů. Československá psychologie, 1964; 8 (2): 113-120.
  • Kobloch F, Junová H, Martinčíková E, Schánilcová M. Výsledky léčení psychoterapií v Odbočce pro rehabilitaci neuróz v Lobči. Activitas nervosa superior, 1963; 5(1): 36-43.
  • Knobloch F, Knoblochm J. Psicoterapia en términos de la teoría de pequenos grupos sociales. Revista Cubana de Medicina, 1964; 3(1):78-91. 
  • Knobloch F, Knobloch J. From family therapy to integrated psychotherapy. Proceedings of the V World Congress of Psychiatry, Mexico, 1971. Excerpta Medica, Internat. Congress Series No. 274, 425-429.. 
  • Knobloch,F.,Knobloch J. Psychogymnastik. In H. Petzold, ed. Psychotherapie und Koerperdynamik. Paderborn: Jungermann.1974; 201-214.
  • Knobloch F, Knobloch J. Integrated psychotherapy. New York: Jason Aronson 1979a. Translations: German-Stuttgart: F.Enke, 1983; Japanese-Tokyo: Seiwa Shoten,1984; Czech- Praha: Avicenum/ Grada, 1993; Chinese-Beijing,1 996. 
  • Knobloch F, Knobloch J. In search of a new paradigm of psychoanalysis. Journal of the Am. Academy of Psychoanalysis, 1979b; 7 (5): 499-524.
  • Knobloch F, Knoblochová J. Integrovaná psychoterapie v akci. Praha: Grada, 1999.
  • Knobloch F, Poštolka M, Srnec J. Musical experience as interpersonal process. Psychiatry: J. for the study of interpersonal processes 1964; 27(4): 259-265.
  • Knobloch F, Šefrnová M. Příspěvek k technice rodinné psychoterapie. Neurologie a psychiatrie československa 1954; 17: 217-224 (Translated by the Translation section, Library service, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, No. 2-3-6200)
  • Lopreato J. Human nature and biocultural evolution. Boston: Allen & Unwin 1984.
  • Mach E. Erkenntis und Irtum. Leipzig: A. Barth Verlag, 1906.
  • Mach E. Space and geometry, in the light of physiological, psychological and physical inquiery. LaSalle, Ill: The Open Court Publishing, 1906/1960. 
  • Prochaska JO, JC. Norcross Systems of Psychotherapy. USA: Broks/Cole, 1999.- Systémy psychoterapie. Praha: Grada, 1999.
  • Masserman JH. Psychiatry East and West. New York: Grune & Stratton 1968. 
  • Schultz IH. Das autogene Training. 4.Ed. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1940.
  • Schultz-Hencke H. Der gehemmte Mensch. Leipzig: G. Thieme 1940. 
  • Sullivan HS. The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry. New York: Norton 1953.
  • Thibaut JW, Kelley H H. The Social Psychology of Groups. New York: Wiley 1959.
  • Wiener N. Cybernetics. New York: Wiley 1948.
<<< back